12 West Kalimantan Musical Instruments and Their Uniqueness

West Kalimantan tools have unique characteristics that are not possessed by anywhere else in Indonesia.

As a residence for  various tribes, especially Dayak,  an indigenous tribe of Kalimantan,  West Kalimantan musical instruments are  also influenced by  the culture of the  tribe.

The diversity of  musical instruments it has adds to the  richness and diversity of Indonesian  musical instruments.

As  Indonesian citizens, we must be able to  preserve these traditional  tools  so that they are not lost.

Here are some traditional West Kalimantan  machines that  you should know.

Traditional musical instruments of  West Kalimantan

1. Sape

The first  traditional musical instrument in West Kalimantan was the Dayak Sabih.

Other Dayaks call this tool sambe, sembi, or kebet.

In  the local language, Sape means picking a finger.

This is  because this  agarwood or maroonwood  instrument  is played by picking.

There are  two types of Sape known as Sape Kayaan and Sape Kenyah.

Sape Kayaan is made of plastic material, small-stemmed,  about one meter wide, and has two threads.

On the other hand, Sape Kenyah has a slender  body with a small tip and has a total  length of about 1.5 meters.

This  West Kalimantan musical instrument  is often used as a traditional dance, a dai tribal ritual  , or as a tool to entertain the general public.

2. Agukng

Agukng is a gong-like musical instrument  played by being struck with a wooden stick  with a rubber tip.

For the public,  this musical instrument  is believed to be a sacred object with the  ability to ward off evil spirits when played.

Agukng is a  type of metal percussion instrument that acts as a  harmonic instrument,  which is a tone  blocker that is played on each bar.

West Kalimantan  instruments are often played in different  numbers  and in  different types and sizes.

3. Silotong

Another  traditional musical instrument in West Kalimantan is Silotong.

Silotong was born from the cultural expression of  the Jagoi tribe of  Ben Kayan Regency and is now increasingly adding to the  diversity of musical instruments  in Indonesia.

This machine is made of wet bamboo, bamboo native to jagoi baban area with rattan decoration.

Silotong is often used as an accompaniment to dances and poems for  traditional local rituals, along with the  sound of  Tantin Tungton it produces.

4. Senggayung

Sengayun is a type of  percussion instrument in West Kalimantan that is played by  being struck with a pair of bamboos.

The player has Sengayun bass  in  his left hand and then Sengayun treble  in  his right hand.

Generally  , this  musical instrument  is  played during the fruit season in the field of fruit presentation  events  by people domiciled in  Ketapan Regency.

In the performance,   the Senggayung instrument is played by more than 3-7 players.

5th Tuma

Tuma is still a  percussion instrument,  another  traditional instrument in West Kalimantan made of wood as the basic material.

The handle, which has a length of one meter and a diameter of 20-25 cm, is covered with cowhide  as a  membrane.

To play it, hit it  directly with the  palm of your  hand.

Based on  the sound source,  this hilt musical instrument can be categorized into the  Membranophone musical instrument  family.

Tsuma is commonly used as an accompaniment to   regional dances in West Kalimantan and is performed using  other traditional musical instruments.

6. Terah Umat

Terra Ummah is a musical instrument native to the Dayak Ut Danam tribe  which has almost the same  function as the Javanese Gamelan.

This machine is made of iron, so the word “umma” in the  local language means iron.

The way to play this same  instrument  is to hit.

Typical Tools in West Kalimantan

7. Hadrah

Hadrah is a West Kalimantan musical instrument that is the result of a fusion of  local culture and Islam.

In addition,  the hadra musical instrument is  also a form of cultural acculturation between Indonesian and Malay cultures.

Kashidahan’s accompaniment is in the form of a tambourine, but with a ring at  the end.

The basic material  for the manufacture of the machine itself is wood in the center of which  is  hollowed out and covered with animal skins as membranes.

The way to play Hazrat is to hit it with your  finger.

8. Tar (Tahar)

In West Kalimantan  , there are also  other instruments that are not much different from  hadra.

Tar is a  tambourine-like instrument.  In other words,  a metal plate is attached to the end of the tambourine that attracts the tambourine.  Produce unique acoustic compositions.

This  West Kalimantan musical instrument originally originated in Iran and  is often performed on important occasions  such as weddings and welcoming important guests.

Tar or Taher is usually played by 3-5  male instrumentalists in one musical group.

9. Kangkuang

West Kalimantan, which is still a tabuh musical instrument, also has another  musical instrument called Kanquan.

Kangkuang is a Javanese musical instrument  similar to a  drum.

However,  the machine still retains the   characteristics of the Banuakadayak tribe in the Capuasful region, with unique inscriptions.

The basic material  of its manufacture is wood with animal skin membranes.

Just like a drum, you can play it by  hitting it directly with the  palm of your hand.

10. Keledik

The following  West Kalimantan musical instruments are also known as Kedir, Kedir or Kadile.

Keredik is an inflatable machine  with very unique base materials such as bamboo, yarn,  yellow squash and  kelt nest.

This musical  instrument  , also called Korondek by the residents of the Ulum Danu mini  family, is often performed in various performances.

Commonly used to accompany traditional dances, traditional ritual performances, and  speech theater,  the Keredik instrument is a  song  verse containing  tips.

11. Antoneng

Antonen is a West Kalimantan musical instrument  and is a type of tube  guitar made of bamboo.

What distinguishes  this musical instrument is that the strings used are  made of five   bamboo vinyls.

In the center there is a hole that functions as a  resonator or vibration diffusion.

The way to play it is to  pull the strings.

This instrument is commonly used to accompany folk songs and entertainment played  in  leisure time.

Antonen is a stringed instrument  like a  tube guitar made of bamboo. This musical instrument is made of bamboo and  bamboo shells and is made of about 5 strings. In the center there is a hole that functions as a resonator chamber.

In its use, Antonen is  usually used to accompany folk songs or played only in  leisure time to fill free time after working in the garden.  It was picked up and played, and the sound was not much different from  the harp of a Dayak.

12. Kotohong

Kotohong is a West Kalimantan  instrument and  arguably the simplest.

It is made of branches of wild  plants and is played like a flute.

Unfortunately, finding this one tool is getting harder and  harder.

This discussion on the 12 Instruments of  West Kalimantan  can inspire us and the Indonesian  people to continue to  preserve Indonesia’s increasingly abandoned culture.

This ancestral heritage  is one  that  we must maintain together as an Indonesian state so as not to  lose our identity  as a great country  with its diversity.

This traditional musical instrument  originated in West Kalimantan and is played with the wind. This  traditional musical instrument  is played in the same way  as the Javanese flute.  But the difference is that  at the ends of the coton grows larger than the  stem and resembles a hemisphere.

This  traditional Kohoton machine  is made of wood. The wood used should  not be perfunctory and should preferably use the branches of  wild trees or palm trees.  The Kohoton instrument  has seven holes and  serves as a regulator of the volume  of the sound it produces.

Those are the 12  West Kalimantan Musical Instruments  and Their Uniqueness that  we can summarize, hopefully it will be useful for all friends, that’s it and thank you.

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