West Kalimantan traditional houses are a habitual product that is still preserved today.
Examples of traditional houses such as those in West Kalimantan are rarely found, but their preservation is still being carried out.
The format of the West Kalimantan traditional house is still preserved and still exists today.
Therefore, people can get to know some of the names of traditional houses in West Kalimantan along with their characteristics and uniqueness.
Of the traditional houses in West Kalimantan, there are four house buildings that we can recognize. Check out the following review.
1. Radakng House
In his book “Knowledge of The House Because of Kalimantan” (2017), Mahmud Johari Ali tells that the most ordinary form of West Kalimantan traditional houses is a typical Dayak residence.
As a result of its elongated format, this traditional house can accommodate up to 60 families. Parents or traditional leaders generally live in the middle of a long house.
Component, Rumah Panjang has a unifying philosophy not only for the Dayak community, but also the Republic of Indonesia.
The upper form of the high house faces high east, which mimics the philosophy of hard work since the sun’s rise.
Downstream is to the west and there is a message that you should not return from your profession until the sun sets.
A typical traditional house in West Kalimantan is known by the name of the radankng house which is the name of the house of the Dayak Kananyan tribe.
Radakng’s house format is a stage whose main factor is purchased wood.
The form of this house is divided into several components with a ladder going up to each component. There is a balcony called Pante in the hallway of the house.
Unless the room has a guest room or samik, pene as a sitting area when welcoming guests and a sleeping area when guests stay overnight.
Informed living room 6 x 6 meters and kitchen.
The decoration of this West Kalimantan traditional house usually contains wood carvings that stand out like penangkis.
War sculptures and birds.
On the other hand, the uniform roof of all the cubicles is saddle-shaped made of a piece of wood.
The format of the Pontianak City Bapeda website, Radakng House is the largest traditional house in Indonesia.
One of the symbols representing West Kalimantan, The Radakng House has a length of 138 meters and a height of 7 meters.
2. Baluk House
The next traditional house that you can get in West Kalimantan is rumah Baluk.
West Kalimantan traditional houses are like this, quoted from the Bapeda Bengkayang website, which is the traditional house of the Bidayuh Dayak tribe.
The shape of the Baluk house looks different from other Dayak people’s houses, especially the West Kalimantan traditional house.
This traditional house is applied by the Bidayuh Dayak tribe in the annual Nibak’ng ritual or also known as Gawai Nyobeng.
Held annually on June 15, such celebrations have profound significance for ancestral messages, celebrating the harvest and welcoming the upcoming agricultural season.
Baluk House is a round-shaped house with a diameter of about 10 meters and a height of about 12 meters.
The height of the Baluk house symbolizes the location of Kamang Triyuh or symbolizes the position of a person who should be respected.
The house of such a thing is supported by a wooden frame as a support and a frame as a titian.
The height of this traditional house from West Kalimantan symbolizes the position or location of Kamang Triyuh which should be respected.
3. Malay custom house
This West Kalimantan traditional house is located in the complicated traditional village of Jalan Sutan Syahrir, Pontianak. Historically, the construction of this Malay traditional house began on May 17, 2003, until the first pole was erected and completed. In November 2005, the Vice President of the Republic of Indonesia, Yusuf Kalla, established a Malay traditional house in West Kalimantan.
The tradition of the beginning of the establishment, this 1.4-hectare building hosts various activities, weddings and is one of the destinations visited by local and foreign travelers.
The essence in the home / hall space is an area for social activities and activities, including an area for deliberation. The above expression shows that the space / house hall symbolizes the philosophy of mutual cooperation, equality and social solidarity in malay society.
Because it is preserved and the customs are respected. Rumah Sebab Melayu is a meeting area of the Malaysian Non-Existent Council (MABM), which is responsible for organizing many Malay tradition events in West Kalimantan, one of which is the Malay Existence Art Festival.
The architecture of the Malay traditional house and its typology is a berkolong house or stage house with high columns. Adapts the already inherited local climate and customs. The height of the support poles of the house is about 2 to 2.5 meters. Many rooms have windows and ventilation, so the atmosphere in the room becomes shady and fresh.
This Malay traditional house in West Kalimantan adopts a roof format and has a roof format that can be opened by the Kagan Triangle (a house with a steep roof) with a height of about 30 degrees. Filter the hot air so that it does not get stuck in the room. The location of this building is perpendicular to the highway called the Transverse Perabung House, and in the lower component there is a rather high hole.
A special custom, the decoration in this building is a mixture of the decoration of the West Kalimantan palace. When the Malay traditional house is strengthened by charming gardens decorated with flowers. Usually only that, the building is also decorated with charming and beautiful fountains.
4. Long traditional house
Every one of these long traditional houses is now increasingly mired and arguably threatened. This is because in the 1960s the government demolished some houses because of suspected communists.
The long traditional house is the center of life for the Dayak community in West Kalimantan. The format of this house is similar to the traditional house in Central Kalimantan.
Finally, the name of the house is long, the size of this traditional house is also unusual. This West Kalimantan traditional house is made of ironwood which usually has a width of 180 m and a width of 6-30 m. Height can cover 5-8 meters.
The appearance of this traditional house is a sturdy and tall house, so you have to climb the stairs to get there.
This includes a bedroom, a guest room, and a kitchen. the widest must be the guest room because it is applied to welcome guests.
came to the bedroom, there were men and women. Visitors are allowed to explore all the components of the house, instead taking pictures of it.
The problem is that they are obliged to receive permission specifically first. That’s an easy requirement as long as you come with a vacation guide.
Well, hoping to go there to find a new feel in the panajng house, the rest of the time is your own.
the number of small ones stairs is individual and adapted to the area of the house. large, increasingly numerous number of stairs.
The stairs are made of ironwood which is familiarly hard and strong. For the floor is made of bamboo or wood, for mat mats made of betel nut leaves become part of the components. The walls are combined using boards that have some space. Traditional houses are the heritage of Indonesian traditions. In West Kalimantan itself, it is a house inhabited by various tribes with two main tribes.
So, you can get to know if some of these West Kalimantan traditional houses are useful. In addition to the house has its own characteristics and uniqueness.
this, there are some houses that are difficult to find because they are rare and endangered.