A complete description of the traditional dance in West Kalimantan. West Kalimantan is one of the largest states in Indonesia, accounting for about 7.53% of Indonesia’s land area . This makes West Kalimantan the fourth largest state after Irian Jaya, East Kalimantan and Central Kalimantan.
The vastness of West Kalimantan allows the population in the region to have heterogeneous origins, although the dominant tribes are the Dayak and Malay tribes. These two tribes certainly have a great influence on the customs and culture that grow in West Kalimantan, ranging from typical weapons, regional clothing, food, and language to Kalbar dance.
List of traditional west Kalimantan dances
1. Mulan’s sword dance
The Muaran Sword Dance is a single dance that is usually performed to entertain the surrounding community, such as Gawaidayak events, such as rice harvest parties, Gawaiberakibini, weddings and other events . The traditional dance of West Kalimantan shows the beautiful movements of the sword dance as good luck.
A long time ago, knights would perform this dance just to give the spirit of confidence and the like when fighting before going on the Mengao expedition. This dance helps you win attacks and build confidence when you need to attack enemies. This dance is usually accompanied by a traditional Teva band called Tebah Undup Banyur and can also be performed with the usual Tebah Undup.
2. Japanese dance
Rzepin dance is a traditional West Kalimantan dance that blends Islam, Malaysian art, and local culture. This dance is a means of spreading Islam in West Kalimantan, the art of movement, and the meaning of songs in every movement.
It is said that from several sources, this dance was originally used as a means of Islamic proselytizing in the thirteenth century in the Sambas region of West Kalimantan. After that, the dance began to spread in different states.
3. Tarian Poor
This West Kalimantan traditional dance is a dance that tells about the love of the Jankan Dayak tribe youth for Kanyan girls, but is constrained by custom. The word Bopureh in The Jangkang language means a lineage that wants to explain the traditional lineage that separates the love ropes of lovers.
This traditional West Kalimantan dance is a creative art that is very thick with other aesthetic elements of traditional Dayak dance such as clothing. The dancers are still wearing dayak traditional clothes that have been modified in some parts. The dancers wear the crowns of the tingan birds and also highlight the identity of this dance as part of dayak performances.
This dance is usually performed by 10 dancers, 8 of whom are complementary dancers and 2 of them are in love. In the middle of the dance, eight females, mostly male dancers, are arranged in a circle. The colorful cloth was spread out as a symbol of the diversity of the Dayak community. In this story, it’s actually a barrier to Chankan’s youthful love for Kai’s girls.
4. Kinyah Uut Danum Dance
West Kalimantan traditional dances show courage and martial arts when fighting. This dance comes from the Dayak tribe uut Danum, a tradition of enemy head hunting originally performed by the Dayak tribe, which is a physical preparatory dance before head hunting.
A traditional West Kalimantan dance shows that a Dayak man Ut Danum has been thrown into the forest and is ready to look for a head. Almost all Dayak people themselves have this kind of war dance. However, there is still a secret killing technique of each submarine. For Dayak Ut Danum, they are known for their dangerous techniques and moves when killing enemies.
The Kinyah Uut Danum dance is performed by two men in traditional Dayak Uut Danum clothes. When dancing, the dancers carry weapons such as swords and shields that are used to attack and defend. During the dance one of the dancers makes a surprise attack, which requires a high degree of caution in defense, and the audience is more impressed by this dance.
With the development of the times, mingyao tradition faded when the Treaty of Tamban Anui was a peace treaty where Dayak leaders met in Borneo to make a peace treaty. After the agreement, the Tradition of Wading was abandoned and the dance was used as a traditional dance and to commemorate the history and courage of the ancient Dayak men.
5. Moon Dance
This West Kalimantan traditional dance was originally performed to heal Chaman Dayak by chanting mantras while dancing. In the Monon Dance, a family is led by a supporter who has the disease. This dance is a ritual performed to ask God for healing so that the sick can recover immediately.
But over time, this dance was performed not only for healing but also for entertainment while preserving the traditional art of the Dayak people.
6. Bingan Dance
Bingan dance is a traditional dance of the Dayak people of West Kalimantan, and is a public entertainment. The word banjan in moradiak means a plate made of stone or clay. This allows the dancer to use the board as a proprietary.
The traditional dances of West Kalimantan can be divided into two types: male penghan dance and female pengan dance. What distinguishes these two types of dance is the pulling motion. The men’s dance is more difficult than the penan inoko dance.
When playing, the dancer holds the board or board with both hands and is equipped with a ring on the middle finger to make a sound when the board and ring touch. The movement of playing the board should also follow the accompaniment of the Teva, a traditional musical instrument consisting of a Tawag, Tinshin Tin Peninkak, Entebon, or a long drum.
7. John Jean Dance
The name of the next West Kalimantan traditional dance, John Gunn Dance, is a story of the joy and happiness of the Dayak people. This dance also includes the traditional Kanayantdayak dance. Here, Jungan is taken from the Dayak language, which means to dance and dance.
8. Kundan Dance
Kundan dance is the name of a west Kalimantan traditional dance, and each movement has a different meaning. Therefore, certain types of dances are very popular, and there are also less known ones. This dance is usually performed at wedding ceremonies, customs and celebrations, religions and other events.
Kundan dance is highly anticipated by the public because many people want to watch this dance up close. Some of these dance moves are very pleasant because the rhythm makes the movements more beautiful, exciting and mysterious.
Kundan dance is a typical dance performed by the Dayak community. This dance is performed during a harvest festival called “Nosminupodi” which means rice harvest.
Dayak people know the three stages of rice cultivation. The first is ngoma which means planting rice seeds, the second is ngoma which means to clean rice from pests, and the third is NosuMinuPodi or harvesting rice.
Condance dance is not only to enjoy the harvest, but also to express gratitude to Pinonpa. Binunba is a god worshipped and believed by the Dayaks as the creator of the universe.
By the Dayak people, Binunba is also called Gupata. Dayaks not only believe in one god called Binonpa, but also believe in the existence of ethereal beings and ethereal beings that affect people’s daily lives.
Those are some of the traditional West Kalimantan dances that we can summarize, hopefully the information we provide is useful for all of your friends, relatives and family.