West Kalimantan tools have unique characteristics that are not possessed by anywhere else in Indonesia.
As a residence for various tribes, especially Dayak, an indigenous tribe of Kalimantan, West Kalimantan musical instruments are also influenced by the culture of the tribe.
The diversity of musical instruments it has adds to the richness and diversity of Indonesian musical instruments.
As Indonesian citizens, we must be able to preserve these traditional tools so that they are not lost.
Here are some traditional West Kalimantan machines that you should know.
Traditional musical instruments of West Kalimantan
The first traditional musical instrument in West Kalimantan was the Dayak Sabih.
Other Dayaks call this tool sambe, sembi, or kebet.
In the local language, Sape means picking a finger.
This is because this agarwood or maroonwood instrument is played by picking.
There are two types of Sape known as Sape Kayaan and Sape Kenyah.
Sape Kayaan is made of plastic material, small-stemmed, about one meter wide, and has two threads.
On the other hand, Sape Kenyah has a slender body with a small tip and has a total length of about 1.5 meters.
This West Kalimantan musical instrument is often used as a traditional dance, a dai tribal ritual , or as a tool to entertain the general public.
Agukng is a gong-like musical instrument played by being struck with a wooden stick with a rubber tip.
For the public, this musical instrument is believed to be a sacred object with the ability to ward off evil spirits when played.
Agukng is a type of metal percussion instrument that acts as a harmonic instrument, which is a tone blocker that is played on each bar.
West Kalimantan instruments are often played in different numbers and in different types and sizes.
Another traditional musical instrument in West Kalimantan is Silotong.
Silotong was born from the cultural expression of the Jagoi tribe of Ben Kayan Regency and is now increasingly adding to the diversity of musical instruments in Indonesia.
This machine is made of wet bamboo, bamboo native to jagoi baban area with rattan decoration.
Silotong is often used as an accompaniment to dances and poems for traditional local rituals, along with the sound of Tantin Tungton it produces.
Sengayun is a type of percussion instrument in West Kalimantan that is played by being struck with a pair of bamboos.
The player has Sengayun bass in his left hand and then Sengayun treble in his right hand.
Generally , this musical instrument is played during the fruit season in the field of fruit presentation events by people domiciled in Ketapan Regency.
In the performance, the Senggayung instrument is played by more than 3-7 players.
Tuma is still a percussion instrument, another traditional instrument in West Kalimantan made of wood as the basic material.
The handle, which has a length of one meter and a diameter of 20-25 cm, is covered with cowhide as a membrane.
To play it, hit it directly with the palm of your hand.
Based on the sound source, this hilt musical instrument can be categorized into the Membranophone musical instrument family.
Tsuma is commonly used as an accompaniment to regional dances in West Kalimantan and is performed using other traditional musical instruments.
6. Terah Umat
Terra Ummah is a musical instrument native to the Dayak Ut Danam tribe which has almost the same function as the Javanese Gamelan.
This machine is made of iron, so the word “umma” in the local language means iron.
The way to play this same instrument is to hit.
Typical Tools in West Kalimantan
Hadrah is a West Kalimantan musical instrument that is the result of a fusion of local culture and Islam.
In addition, the hadra musical instrument is also a form of cultural acculturation between Indonesian and Malay cultures.
Kashidahan’s accompaniment is in the form of a tambourine, but with a ring at the end.
The basic material for the manufacture of the machine itself is wood in the center of which is hollowed out and covered with animal skins as membranes.
The way to play Hazrat is to hit it with your finger.
8. Tar (Tahar)
In West Kalimantan , there are also other instruments that are not much different from hadra.
Tar is a tambourine-like instrument. In other words, a metal plate is attached to the end of the tambourine that attracts the tambourine. Produce unique acoustic compositions.
This West Kalimantan musical instrument originally originated in Iran and is often performed on important occasions such as weddings and welcoming important guests.
Tar or Taher is usually played by 3-5 male instrumentalists in one musical group.
West Kalimantan, which is still a tabuh musical instrument, also has another musical instrument called Kanquan.
Kangkuang is a Javanese musical instrument similar to a drum.
However, the machine still retains the characteristics of the Banuakadayak tribe in the Capuasful region, with unique inscriptions.
The basic material of its manufacture is wood with animal skin membranes.
Just like a drum, you can play it by hitting it directly with the palm of your hand.
The following West Kalimantan musical instruments are also known as Kedir, Kedir or Kadile.
Keredik is an inflatable machine with very unique base materials such as bamboo, yarn, yellow squash and kelt nest.
This musical instrument , also called Korondek by the residents of the Ulum Danu mini family, is often performed in various performances.
Commonly used to accompany traditional dances, traditional ritual performances, and speech theater, the Keredik instrument is a song verse containing tips.
Antonen is a West Kalimantan musical instrument and is a type of tube guitar made of bamboo.
What distinguishes this musical instrument is that the strings used are made of five bamboo vinyls.
In the center there is a hole that functions as a resonator or vibration diffusion.
The way to play it is to pull the strings.
This instrument is commonly used to accompany folk songs and entertainment played in leisure time.
Antonen is a stringed instrument like a tube guitar made of bamboo. This musical instrument is made of bamboo and bamboo shells and is made of about 5 strings. In the center there is a hole that functions as a resonator chamber.
In its use, Antonen is usually used to accompany folk songs or played only in leisure time to fill free time after working in the garden. It was picked up and played, and the sound was not much different from the harp of a Dayak.
Kotohong is a West Kalimantan instrument and arguably the simplest.
It is made of branches of wild plants and is played like a flute.
Unfortunately, finding this one tool is getting harder and harder.
This discussion on the 12 Instruments of West Kalimantan can inspire us and the Indonesian people to continue to preserve Indonesia’s increasingly abandoned culture.
This ancestral heritage is one that we must maintain together as an Indonesian state so as not to lose our identity as a great country with its diversity.
This traditional musical instrument originated in West Kalimantan and is played with the wind. This traditional musical instrument is played in the same way as the Javanese flute. But the difference is that at the ends of the coton grows larger than the stem and resembles a hemisphere.
This traditional Kohoton machine is made of wood. The wood used should not be perfunctory and should preferably use the branches of wild trees or palm trees. The Kohoton instrument has seven holes and serves as a regulator of the volume of the sound it produces.
Those are the 12 West Kalimantan Musical Instruments and Their Uniqueness that we can summarize, hopefully it will be useful for all friends, that’s it and thank you.