9 Animal Species in Borneo that Almost Extinct This Year

Borneo is a geographical area  (state) of Indonesia and is very rich in nature and  its agricultural products.  Different types of plants and animals.

Unfortunately, however,  there are already concerns about the existence of many species in East Kalimantan.  Today, even its inhabitants are endangered  from the surface of the earth.  So what are the endemic and endangered species of Borneo?  Please take a look!

9 Animal Species in Borneo that Almost Extinct This Year

1. Clouded leopard

Have you ever seen a big cat like in  the picture above?  In fact,  the author, who lived in East Kalimantan for 30 years, has never seen a wild turbid tiger.  It was not without reason.  The reason is,  this species with the scientific name Neofelisdiardiborneensis is actually very rare.

Generally, in the wilderness of East Kalimantan, the population is  rarely seen anymore. Oh yes, as  mentioned on the  Science Direct page,  the Cloudy Borneo  Tiger is   closely related to the Cloudy Tiger that once existed  in Sumatra.   There are only two cloud-shrouded  tigers in the world: Neophiles grounded in East Borneo and Neophiles nebulosa that inhabit many parts of the  Thai Peninsula and Southeast Asia.

The number of  cloudy tigers in East Kalimantan itself is certainly unknown.   However, scientists  and  animal experts estimate the number is less than  5,000 and deforestation is  still experiencing a decline in population. In  2008,  the    cloud-shrouded Borneo tiger  was listed as  an endangered species by  the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN).

The cloudy tiger  (Neophilis nebulosa) is a  species of wild  cat that inhabits forests stretching from the  Himalayan  highlands to Southeast Asia and  southern China. The length  of his body is from 60 cm to 1 meter.  However, the length of the tiger’s dark tail  may match the length of its body.  The felt tail of the  tiger helps to maintain the  balance of the  body as it moves through the branches of trees.

In 2006, from the results of DNA  analysis, experts stated that the clouded leopards of the  islands of  Sumatra and Borneo are different species of Asian  cloudy tigers.  This happened in the Ice Age when the  Asian  continent separated from Sumatra and Borneo, and the Onbyo people  were isolated in Sumatra and Borneo. Therefore  ,  there are currently  two types of cloudy tigers in Indonesia:  the cloudy Sunda tiger (Neofelis nebulosa diardi) and  the overcast Borneo tiger (Neofelis diardi borneensis ).

The Sumatran tiger  is a second-rate  predator  and is less popular than its sibling,  the  Sumatran tiger (Panthera tigris sumatrae).  However, in the   wildlife black market  , there is a growing demand for its  turbid tiger skin and unique tusks. This also happens because sumatran tiger skin is hard to find.

2. Proboscis proboscis

Proboscis monkeys or proboscis monkeys  are a  type of mammal that is classified as primates and inhabits the island of Borneo. In East Kalimantan,  proboscis monkey species inhabit the Black River area  of Samboja Kutai Karuta Negara district.  Proboscis monkeys are also  called  long-nosed macaques because they have a very unique nose.

The presence of proboscis monkeys is  also a major concern due to hunting, logging and destruction of wildlife habitats  .  This is why proboscis monkeys are  one of  the most protected animal species by  the Indonesian government, even by the IUCN.

The sad thing  is that  there are very few wild  proboscis monkeys.   According to data posted on the Cambridge site, only about 300 proboscis monkeys live independently  in the wild.  Proboscis monkeys  are a stress-prone species  and  can even die suddenly in captivity.

3. Bornean hornbill

The hornbill or Boqueros rhinoceros borneoweensis is a  typical bird species on the island of  Borneo, especially East Kalimantan.  This species, which can live for 35 years  , has long  been on the  list  of protected animals.   Today, the population is growing slightly, but still  unpredictable.

According to the Indonesian website,  hornbills are large birds up to  90 cm long. Oh yes, for Dayak people, the hornbill is a symbol of leadership and has a noble philosophy.

The destruction of Borneo’s habitat, poaching, and  forest loss  are some of the  factors causing the  near extinction of hornbills.  The fertility of trumpet cows is also low.  Therefore, in order for  this bird to  remain sustainable, it must be  protected and kept.

4. Orangutan

Orangutans are known to be endangered  because their habitat has been damaged.  The dwindling existence of East Kalimantan  forests  also reduces the Bornean orangutan  population from year to year.  According to World Wildlife Fund (WWF) data, the habitat of Bornean orangutans has decreased by 55% over the past two  decades.

In fact,  the destruction of this habitat  has reduced the population by 50% over the past 60 years. Orangutans are destined to   become extinct in the future if  no serious measures are taken to address this  . Of all the  species found in the world, the East Kalimantan orangutan has the fewest physical  characteristics  and is, unfortunately, the most prone to stress.

Currently, there are several  nature reserves specially formed  to  protect orangutan herds.  However,   massive forest destruction remains the  main reason for  the loss of wild orangutans in Borneo.

5 .  Sun bear

Sun bear is one  type of animal that is used as the mascot of the city of Balikpapan.  But unfortunately, the number of wild  sun bears is not very encouraging. The  bear protection page  states that sun bears are also  on the Red List of the International Union for Conservation of Nature.  This means that the sun bear is an endangered  species.

This is why the  existence of sun bears is protected by law and hunters will be severely punished.  This bear, which can live for 24 years,  is    nocturnal  and forages  at night.

Its main habitat  is forests with medium-sized trees growing  within Borneo. The breeding rate of sun bears  is considered low, and some adult sun bears  give birth only once in their lifetime. Baby bears usually stay with their mother for 18 months.

6. Pesut Mahakam

Mahakam dolphins  or dolphins  are aquatic  mammals also known as freshwater  dolphins.   Scientifically  called Orcaella brevirostris,  this species is one that  is rarely found in the wild due to its small population.

The World Wildlife Fund (WWF) states on its website that mahakam  dolphins are relatives of river dolphins in Southeast Asia, such as Myanmar  dolphins and  Mekong river dolphins in Cambodia. In Indonesia, the only habitat  of  this rare mammal is the Hermetic River  in Borneo.

One of  the main causes of  the decline in the number of calcareous dolphins is the destruction of habitats due to river pollution. Many types of waste and even wild  nets have killed many dolphins over the years.  The number of  wildlife is estimated in the tens to hundreds.

These are some types of Borneo animals that are threatened with serious danger.     Human-caused destruction    of nature is a disaster for the habitat of these animals.  Now, we  care more about  keeping them  wild.

7. Tenggiling

The anteater is a rare animal  on the island of Borneo and is endangered  due to overfishing.  There  are only eight pangolins in the world, one of which is  on the island of  Borneo.

According to National Geographic, tens of thousands of  pangolins are hunted for scales and medicines every year (as well as  rhino horns).

In addition to medicines, pangolins are often consumed or used as displays because of  their unique body  shape.

Massive hunting  makes registered pangolins  very vulnerable and protected by law.

8. Red leaf  monkey

Next is a red-leaved  monkey named Presbytisrubicunda in  Latin.  The red-leaved monkey   is an endemic animal of Borneo, commonly known as the red langur.

It is called the red langur because its plumage is reddish-brown  .  This Old World  Monkey  has a long tail  and lives in the canopy of the  rainforest of  Borneo.

The  population of red langurs is declining due  to the  loss of  rainforests due to poaching and  land reclamation.

9. White  forehead langur

One of  the rare animals  in Borneo that is endangered  due to land reclamation for agriculture and hunting is the white langur.

White-faced suriliation monkey  or  white-faced  suriliation monkey in  Latin named Presbytis frontata.

The   white-foreheaded  langur has a white  forehead brown plumage. Due    to overfishing  and habitat loss due to agricultural and industrial expansion.