Each region or region has its own traditional clothes, including West Kalimantan. The traditional clothing of West Kalimantan itself strongly characterizes the culture of the two tribes that inhabit the region, namely dayak and malay.
Like other Indonesian regional clothing, West Kalimantan regional clothing uses natural materials, one of which is Ambrewood. In addition, the use of accessories such as hornbeam wings and dayak motifs became its hallmark.
What are the types of Traditional Clothing from West Kalimantan Province? Here is the list.
Traditional Clothing of west Kalimantan region
- King Baba
In Dayak, “raja” means “garment” and “baba” means “man”. The traditional men’s clothing of this tribe is called King Baba. King Baba is made from the Amble tree, a tree native to Borneo. This tree was first hammered in water to make fiber.
The wood fibers are then smoothed and dried in the sun until they are depicted in a typical Dayak pattern like cow horns.
The Dayaks consider themselves to be sacred animals and symbols of the rulers of the higher regions, Matahara and Bufftara. King Baba is a sleeveless bead.
King Baba’s accessory is a headband made of ivory hornbill wings and a traditional weapon called Mandau.
- West Kalimantan Traditional Clothing, King Bibinge
Traditional clothing for men and women varies, including West Kalimantan. If men wear King Baba, the Traditional Clothes from West Kalimantan Province that dayak women wear are called Raja Bibinge.
The ingredients and style of Kings’ drinks are a bit similar to Baba King, but they are longer and covered. Dayak women usually wear cloth to cover their chests and stages, and the king’s clothes are decorated with horn feathers and beads.
To complete it, accessories in the form of bracelets and necklaces made of natural materials such as animal bones and tree roots are used. Not only aesthetics, necklace-shaped gems are also believed to be amulets and repellents.
Dayak women also wear three Dayak headbands.
- King Kabo
Basically, King Cabo is a modification of King Baba with various materials. If King Baba is made from the bark of the subsided tree or lime, King Kapu is made of a typical Bruneian salaam cloth called Sonkit.
As reported by Celebes, King Capu is decorated with traditional patterns drawn along the clothes and worn by bird feather headdresses.
- West Kalimantan Traditional Clothing, Buang Kuureng
Buang Kuureng is a traditional Malaysian dress, often referred to as a bow shirt. At first glance, Buang Kuureng resembles a typical Malaysian and Bruneian bow, but what stands out is the pattern, design, and material.
Kuureng Kuureng comes in several types: Kuurung Sapek Tangan short sleeves and Kuurung Langke Tangan long sleeves.
- Belanga Bay
Designed specifically for men, Teluk Belanga is a traditional Malay men’s clothing commonly worn for formal occasions. Belanga Bay is a pair of panties made of satin material and golden in color.
This underwear wraps a songket shirt or pants typical of West Kalimantan from the waist to the knees and wears a black hoodie.
- Indulu Manik
Indulmanic is a Traditional Dress from West Kalimantan Province from the Dayak community, commonly used in traditional ceremonies and traditional art performances.
Quoted from Goodmind, this traditional clothing is in the form of beads that cover all parts of the clothing, using only beads from Sarawak Island in East Kalimantan, not only beads.
The traditional clothes of West Kalimantan are not only beautiful, but also rich in philosophy and meaning. This traditional dress from West Kalimantan Province is no longer used in daily life, but is worn during traditional ceremonies and important events such as weddings.
Four Uniqueness of Dayak West Kalimantan Traditional Clothing and Its History
Its distinctive features are different from traditional clothing in other regions
West Kalimantan traditional clothing consists of several variations. Do you already know your mother?
Now, one of the most famous clothes is the traditional clothing of the Dayak tribe, the majority of which are domiciled in the state and thousands of Pontianak.
Unique aspects of Traditional Clothing from West Kalimantan Province
Dayak traditional clothing has interesting and unique aspects, ranging from characteristics and names to history.
It was made of bark from scratch and processed into clothes made of fabrics like this.
In the past, Dayak people wore Traditional Clothes from West Kalimantan Province for daily needs, but now they are only worn on certain occasions, such as:
- Traditional celebrations
- Cultural events
Are you interested in the unique and historic journey of the typical costumes of the West Kalimantan Dayak people? Check out the full review below.
- Ancient Dayak Traditional Clothing
Initially, dayaks knew only two types of clothing. In other words, Baba King is for men and Viping King is for women.
Both of these clothes are made by processing the bark to give it a soft, fabric-like appearance. The treated bark is called capo or subsidence.
However, as you know, the technique of processing wood into clothing has been passed down from the ancestors of the Dayak people for generations.
Traditional clothes from West Kalimantan Province that are worn by men are called King Baba. In Dayak language, raja means clothing and Baba means man.
This garment is made from the bark of a typical Kalimantan plant that has a high fiber content.
In order to make King Baba, the bark was forged into the water with a circular hammer, leaving only the fibers.
After bending, the textile material is dried in the sun and decorated with Dayak folk paintings.
The dyes used are made from natural materials taken from herbs or other natural resources.
Secondly, the textile material is shaped like a sleeveless jacket, not just pants.
This costume usually wears weapons and shields called swords, as if it were a war.
Dayak traditional clothing for women is made to some extent in the same way and materials as traditional clothing from men’s West Kalimantan Province .
The difference is that women’s clothing is more closed and well-groomed, consisting of a corset, two straps, and a skirt-shaped bottom.
The accessories used are also more diverse, such as necklaces, beads, and headbands decorated with hornbeam feathers.
Both King Baba and King Bibinge are made of bark, but no bark has been made since the Dayaks came to know the fabric.
- Diyak traditional clothes made of fabric
Over time, dayaks began to get acquainted with clothing, and their clothes grew and diversified.
Uniquely, most traditional clothing is made by wearers or families who are experts in garment making.
Well, here are some dayak traditional clothes made of cloth.
Beads of the headdress and beads of the king
Bulang Manik and King Manik are two traditional garments made from pokoku seeds that are found in Sarawak, Malaysia.
The beads are tied together using a special thread on the sheet and then tied to a cloth like clothing.
Prix and King & Prince Brands
This traditional clothing from Southwest Kalimantan Province is made of a piece of cloth and a small hard shell called Puri.
The fabric is used to glue the mullet grains and shape them into the shape of a shirt.
This traditional dress from West Kalimantan Province is a combination of King Manic and King Buri. The material consists of beads and mullet or small shells.
The beads were woven and glued to the center of the king. While the mullet adorns the king’s head.
The name King Cap comes from the ghost of a giant Dayak.
This traditional dress from West Kalimantan Province is characterized by its wide and long shape, combined with trousers and an apron with hanging ends.
This garment is made of plain black or blue fabric sewn into the shape of his robe.
There is a red cloth on the top, bottom and left side. Inside the ribbon, there is embroidery in the form of a relief typical of the Dayak people.
The dress of the indu beads is almost identical to the beads of the king.
This garment is made of woven boco or soft beads then tied to a cloth that is the same length as the woven beads.
According to information, this type of clothing was first made because the Daya people knew fabrics. The shape is generally like clothing and is made of fabric material that matches the available colors.
There are three types of kuurung T-shirts, namely sleeveless or sleeveless dokot kuurung t-shirts, sleeveless or short-sleeved dokot kuurung t-shirts, and sleeveless kuurungunglangke T-shirts. Long arms.
After Kulun’s clothes, other models were made such as Conton’s headdress and Karrawat’s headdress.
- The Meaning of Colors and Decorations of Dayak Traditional Clothes
Traditional clothing from West Kalimantan Province typical of the Dayak people, especially kings in the form of headdresses and beads composed of a mixture of colors decorated in various forms.
You can see that there is a meaning behind the colors and decorations.
Meaning of Dayak color
- The color red symbolizes the unity and unity of courage to face the truth.
- White symbolizes the sanctity and purity of the human soul and society.
- Yellow symbolizes a sense of dignity, glory and greatness and is a sign of honor.
- Black symbolizes human maturity and is also a symbol of suffering.
- Green symbolizes fertility and prosperity.
The meaning of diverse decorations
- The existence of man or ant cloak symbolizes human life in nature.
- The animal form means that there is animal life in the world.
- The shape of the plant represents the existence of plants in the world.
- The forms of objects such as stars, moons, and suns indicate the existence of life in the supernatural realm where stars, moons, and suns were once believed to be humans.
- Various accessories and jewelry and their meanings
Like other regional traditional clothing, traditional clothes from West Kalimantan Province typical of Dayak are worn with jewelry.
Or ethnic accessories. Below are the types of jewelry used by women and men.
- Simbolong is a pastry jewelry that women can use daily or participate in traditional ceremonies.
- The headdress is in the shape of a crown of Tantawan feathers and a crown of Roy feathers. It can be used during joy and sorrow rituals.
- Poosong is a piece of jewelry that adorns the ear canal of women.
- Karon or Pilak beads to beautify the neck means that the wearer has power in society.
- Karon carabe beads are necklaces specially worn by young women.
- Karon Beads Awan is a necklace that can be worn by women as well as men.
- Tangkalai’or sumpae is a decoration for both men’s and women’s arms.
- Gold stuffing or gold teeth for the aesthetics of dentistry, including symbolic meanings for the wearer who is a competent person.
This is the uniqueness of traditional clothing from West Kalimantan Province which is the hallmark of the Dayak community and its history. Are you interested in trying dayak traditional clothes for photography purposes? I believe it will be exciting!